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Security

 Until the end of the Cold War, the concept of security generally referred to nation-states maintaining their sovereignty and protecting their national interests from invasion or threats by foreign powers.   For nearly half a century, from 1945 until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the nation of Lenin and Stalin and the United States struggled for global supremacy through military build-ups and a nuclear arms race.   Following the collapse, the decades-long tensions between the United States and now Russia gradually receded, giving way to additional notions of security based upon internal struggles, including civil war, and external provocation by terrorist groups.  From the Kosovo Conflict in the late 1990's to the terrorist attacks in the United States on September 11, 2001 and Spain on March 11, 2004, what it means to be "secure" is now more nebulous than ever.        

That is not to say, however, that the traditional, sovereign-based notion of security has disappeared.  In addition to civil wars and terrorist attacks, the world faces growing threats from unchecked nuclear proliferation and a military buildup in nation-states like North Korea and Iran.  In the face of these threats, a comprehensive, international approach is being taken to global security that focuses more on the protection of the individual than the sovereignty of the state.  This approach consists of cooperative measures taken by nations and international organizations such as the United Nations, including peacekeeping missions, international treaties and conventions, and collective military action, measures in which nation-states often cede control over their national defense and security policies to external actors.  While these measures may provide security for the person, they also have serious implications for the sovereignty of the nation-state.

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DIPLOMACY

Global Islamist Organization Has Observer Status in Philippines Peace Negotiations with Moro Secessionist Group
The Organization for Islamic Cooperation ("OIC"), the 57 member-state pan-Islamic organization, has been approved by the Philippine government ("GPH") and Moro Islamic Liberation Front ("MILF") and Moro National Liberation Front ("MNLF") to have official observer status in the current peace negotiations aiming to end the ongoing armed struggle for secession by the two guerrilla groups.

OIC Chief Meets with Arab Groups to Discuss Cooperation
The Secretary General of the 57-member-state Organization of Islamic Cooperation ("OIC") met at the 25th Arab Summit with leading Arab groups to explore expanded, regularized cooperation on "issues of common concern."

Istanbul Process Weakens with OIC Support for Regional Blasphemy Laws
The "Istanbul Process," the diplomatic initiative launched by the U.S. in an effort to reach consensus with the Organization of Islamic Cooperation ("OIC") on acceptable limitations on free speech in order to combat religious intolerance, has been further weakened by recent OIC support for regional defamation of religions laws, such as those passed by the League of Arab States, that corrode speech freedoms.

UN Chief Meets with OIC Representative on Israeli Temple Mount Action
The Secretary General of the UN met yesterday with the Chair of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation ("OIC") and other UN groups regarding their concerns about Israel's recent actions at the holy site of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

Iran and Qatar Collaborate in Reconfiguration of Islamist Blocs
A recent visit to Doha by the leader of Palestinian Islamic Jihad signals Qatar's continuing leadership, in cooperation with Iran, in the reconfiguration of an alliance of countries that self-identify as the Islamist "resistance and resilience bloc."
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HOMELAND SECURITY & TERRORISM

Turkey's Islamists Caught in Jihadist Competition
Analysts' claims that Turkey's Islamist government has been providing support to the al-Qaeda-affiliated jihadist group Jabhat al-Nusra that is fighting against the Assad regime in Syria help to explain the recent attack inside Turkey by members of the alternative anti-Assad jihadist group ISIS (the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham).

Islamist Extremists Draw Support in Palestinian Refugee Camps
The failures of the Palestinian Authority to de-weaponize civilian paramilitaries connected to Islamist extremist groups continues to make Palestinian West Bank refugee camps a fertile recruiting ground for Islamist jihadi groups.

HRC Adopts Resolution to Investigate Drone Strikes
Over the objection of the U.S. and other countries, the UN Human Rights Council has passed a resolution seeking to determine whether targeted strikes by unmanned aerial drones comply with international law.

Somali Islamists Attack African Union Peacekeepers
Al-Shabaab, the militant Somali Islamist group responsible for terrorist attacks in Somalia and Kenya, is continuing its campaign to impose Sharia law throughout East Africa, most recently attacking Somalia's African Union Peacekeeping Force AMISOM.

Nigerian Schools Shuttered Against Islamist Terror
Amid continuing terror attacks by the Nigerian Islamist extremist group Boko Haram, which aims to establish sharia law throughout Nigeria, high schools in the northeastern part of the country are being closed indefinitely until the security situation improves.